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SYBSc Semester III

PHY-301 | Thermodynamics and Kinetic Theory of Gases

S.Y.B.Sc. | Sem III | Physics

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S.Y.B.Sc. | Sem III | PHY-301
Thermodynamics and Kinetic Theory of Gases

We are very glad to present the book “PHY– 301 : THEROMODYNAMICS AND KINETIC THEORY OF GASES’’ in the hands of SYBSc students. The book is strictly written and complied according to the semester pattern syllabus framed by the Board of Studies in Physics, KBC NMU Jalgaon, for Second year BSc to be implemented from June 2019 and is written in lucid, simple language giving exhaustive details. Questions of various types are included at the end of each chapter. This will help in generating interest and thorough understanding of the subject. We hope, this book will be useful for the students and teachers.

Unit 1 Basics of Thermodynamics and its First Law
1.1 Introduction
1.2 Thermodynamic Variables
1.3 Thermodynamic Equillibrium
1.4 Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics
1.5 Concept of Internal Energy
1.6 First Law of Thermodynamics
1.7 Work Done by a Gas
1.8 Work Done On a Gas
1.9 Indicator Diagram
1.10 Types of Thermodynamic Processes
1.11 Specific Heats of a Gas
1.12 Two Principal Specific Heats of a Gas
1.13 Applications of First Law of Thermodynamics
1.14 Compressibility and Expansion Coefficient
1.15 Reversible and Irreversible Changes/Processes

Unit 2 Second and Third Law of Thermodynamics and Entropy
2.0 Introduction
2.1 Carnot Heat Engine
2.2 Carnot’s Theorem
2.3 Second law of thermodynamics
2.4 Entropy
2.5 Third law of thermodynamics
2.6 Unattainability of Absolute Zero Temperature

Unit 3 Heat Engines
3.1 Carnot’s Ideal Heat Engine
3.2 Carnot’s Cycle
3.3 Efficiency Of Carnot’s Engine
3.4 Practical Heat Engines
3.5 Otto Engine
3.6 Otto Cycle
3.7 Efficiency of an Otto Cycle
3.8 Diesel Engine
3.9 Diesel Cycle
3.10 Efficiency of Diesel Cycle
3.11 Comparison Between Diesel Engine and Otto Engine

Unit 4 Kinetic Theory of Gases
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Derivation of Maxwell’s Law of Distribution of Velocities
4.3 Experimental Verification of Maxwell’s Law of Distribution of Velocities
4.4 Determination of mean free path
4.5 Transport Phenomena
4.6 Viscosity of Gases (For Vertical case)
4.7 Conduction of Gases (For Vertical case)
4.8 Diffusion of Gases (For vertical case)
4.9 Law of Equipartition of Energy (Equipartition Theorem)


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