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TYBSc Semester VI

PHY 364 | Nuclear Physics

T.Y.B.Sc. | Sem VI | Physics

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T.Y.B.Sc. | Sem VI | PHY 364
Nuclear Physics

It’s a great pleasure for us to present this book Nuclear Physics
(PHY 364, Semester VI) for T.Y.B.Sc. Physics students of the Savitribai Phule Pune University, Pune. This book is written as per the revised syllabus of Savitribai Phule Pune University, Pune to be implemented from June 2021.
We have tried to explain the concepts & information in lucid language so that students could understand it easily. Many senior faculty members have inspired us to perform this duty. We feel it’s not a new creations but presentation in simple form for the better understanding of students.

1. Nuclear Structure, Properties and Radioactivity 
1.1 Basic Concept of Nucleus :
1.1.1 Composition, charge, size, density of nucleus (Revision)
1.1.2 Nuclear Angular momentum
1.1.3 Nuclear magnetic dipole moment
1.1.4 Electric quadrupole moment, Parity & symmetry
1.1.5 Mass defect and Binding energy, packing fraction
1.1.6 Classification of nuclei
1.1.7 Stability of nuclei (N Vs Z Curve)
1.1.8 Day to day applications of Nuclear Physics
1.1.9 Problems
1.2 Radioactivity :
1.2.1 Introduction : Radioactivity disintegration (concept of natural and artificial radioactivity, Properties of α, β, γ-rays.
1.2.2 Laws of radioactive decay, half-life, mean life, Specific activity and its units (Revision)
1.2.3 Successive disintegration and equilibriums and radioisotopes.
1.2.4 Application of radioactivity (Agricultural, Medical, Industrial, Archaeological).
1.2.5 Radiocarbon dating
1.2.6 Problems

2. Particle Accelerator and Radiation Detectors 
2.1 Particle Accelerators :
2.1.1 Classification of Accelerator
2.1.2 Linear Accelerator (Electron/proton LINAC)
2.1.3 Cyclic Accelerator (Cyclotron)
2.1.4 Particle Accelerators In India (Discussion only)
2.2 Nuclear Detector :
2.2.1 Classification of Nuclear Detectors
2.2.2 Gas filled Detectors (G. M. Counter)
2.2.3 Solid State Detectors (Scintillation Counter)
2.2.4 Problems

3. Nuclear Forces and Nuclear Models 
3.1 Nuclear Forces :
3.1.1 Types of Nuclear Forces
3.1.2 Meson theory of nuclear forces
3.1.3 Properties of nuclear forces
3.1.4 Properties of deuteron system
3.1.5 Elementary particles,
3.2 Nuclear Models :
3.2.1 Quarks model for elementary particles
3.2.2 Shell Model : Assumptions, Evidences, and Spin
and Parity limitations.
3.2.3 Liquid drop model: Assumptions
3.2.4 Semi-empirical B.E. formula
3.2.5 Problems

4. Nuclear Reactions and Reactor Theory 
4.1 Introduction to Nuclear Reactions :
4.1.1 Types of Nuclear Reaction
4.1.2 Conservation laws
4.1.3 The Q-value equation, Exothermic and Endothermic reaction
4.1.4 Threshold energy
4.1.5 Compound nucleus
4.1.6 Nuclear cross-section
4.1.7 Nuclear fission, nuclear fusion stellar energy,
chain reaction and critical mass
4.2 Nuclear Reactor :
4.2.1 Basic components of nuclear reactors
4.2.2 Homogeneous and heterogeneous reactors
4.2.3 Fast breeder reactor
4.2.4 Power reactor
4.2.5 Nuclear Reactors in India (Discussion only)
4.2.6 Problems


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